Minsk tractor works
The history of Minsk Tractor Works dates back to May
26, 1946 when the decision to construct it was
taken. According to the project, the enterprise was to
produce 50 tracked farm tractors a day. The production
developed step by step while the enterprise was under
construction. In 1948-1958, the enterprise
introduced into production PD-10 starting motors, D-35
diesel engines, KD-35 tracked tractors, KT-12, TDT-40,
TDT-60 tracked logging tractors.
A team of design engineers was formed by the end of
the 1950's and began to develop own designs. They
created the Belarus MTZ-2 wheeled tractor with pneumatic
tires, which defined the future specialization of the
enterprise. The tractor was put into production in
1953. In 1957-1960, more than ten models of wheeled
tractors were created and introduced, such as MTZ-5,
MTZ-5K, MTZ-5L, MTZ-7 tractors and their modifications.
Minsk Tractor Works made its one hundredth tractor.
In 1961, a significant achievement was made with
the introduction of the MTZ-50 versatile wheeled
tractor powered by a 55 h. p. engine. It became a basic
model for a whole family of tractors for various
applications. All the tractors had a high degree of
unification and included the MTZ-52 high-flotation
An intensive export development started with the
introduction of the MTZ-50/52 tractors. By the end of
1975, the export volume exceeded 18,000 units a year.
Minsk Tractor Works made its one-millionth tractor in
In 1974, the MTZ-80 tractor was put into batch
production. It had more power and higher capacity and
was the most numerous tractor model in the world. A
whole family of wheeled and tracked tractors for a
variety of applications was implemented
on the basis of this model. They include: MTZ-82
(for rise farming), MTZ-82N (for work in hilly
environment), MTZ-82B (with reversible
workstation), MTZ-80X, MTZ-80X2 (for cotton farming),
reorganized into the Production Association
"Minsk Tractor Works" in 1975. Besides the parent
enterprise it included Special Tools and Industrial
Equipment Plant, Vitebsk Tractor Spare Parts
Tractor Parts and Assemblies Plant, and Main Specialized
of Versatile Row-Crop Tractors. Smorgon
Assemblies Plant was built and joined the Association in
1986. The two millionth Belarus tractor was
assembled at the
main assembly line on March 24,1984.
In 1984, Minsk Tractor Works introduced its 100
h. p. MTZ-102 tractor in continuation of the development
of the Belarus tractor design. The tractor had
synchronized gearbox or could be fitted with its
on-the-go shifting option; hydrostatic steering control;
more powerful hydraulic hitch; new cab, and other
improved samples of the 150 h. p. MTZ-142 tractor
were made in 1985.
In order to satisfy the demand of individuals
working on lim-
ited land surfaces for small agricultural machines,
Tractor Works has started to manufacture mini-vehicles
since 1978. It has developed and put into production
motoblocks (5 h. p. MTZ-05, 6 h. p. MTZ-06, 8 h. p.
MTZ-08BS, 12 h. p.
MTZ-12) and the 12 h. p. MTZ-082 four-wheel
It has also introduced compact 22-35 h. p. tractors.
The goal of Minks Tractor Works is to satisfy the
to the highest degree, substantially broaden the
number of products, increase the production efficiency,
ity and technical level of the products. Simplified
design models, like 510, 512, 520, 522, 530, 532 have
been put into production to meet the goal.
The enterprise has launched the production of
80-90 h. p. Belarus tractors equipped with new
high-level components and
models). In 1994,
it stared to manufacture the 130 h. p.
The highly efficient and productive 150 h. p.
Belarus-1522 tractor was put into production in 1999.
Now, the new 250 h. p. Belarus-2522 tractor undergoes
Tractor Works has organized the production of 15 special
models based on the existing Belarus tractors and their
components. Such models are designed for municipal
services, forestry, mining, and material handling
In 1995, the three millionth Belarus
tractor was assembled at the main assembly line, and the
number of exported tractors reached 500,000.
considerable contribution to the development of the
industry and international cooperation Minsk Tractor
Works has been
world prize. The Belarus tractors have won 26 gold, 2
silver and 1 bronze
medals, and many
diplomas at international exhibitions and fairs.
Currently, there are 100 tractor manufacturers in the
world. However, only 8 of them hold 96% of the tractor
sales market. Minsk Tractor Works is among the eight.
P/A "Minsk Tractor Works" develops, produces and
exports wheeled tractors and spare parts, sets up
production of tractors on the license basis, organizes
and carries out servicing,
conducts operation and maintenance training.
Today, Minsk Tractor Works holds above 50% share
of the CIS tractor market and about 8% of the world
tractor market. Minsk Tractor Works has produced more
than 3 million of tractors for the 50 years of its
existence. More than 500,000 of them have been
exported to about 100 countries including USA,
Canada, Germany, France, Egypt, Pakistan, etc.
In 1992, the
enterprise produced only four tractor models. And today
the customer can get 62 different models and more than
100 assembly options for all types of operating and
climatic conditions taking into account demands, desires
financial capabilities of the customer.
The new generation of the Belarus tractors is
represented by three families, such as compact tractors,
tractors, general-purpose tractors.
The family of compact tractors includes basic
6-35 h. p. models.
The family of versatile row-crop tractors is
represented by the
series 50-130 h. p. models. The new family of
general-purpose tractors includes 155-260 h. p. models.
The "Belarus" tractors can be equipped with engines and
units made by leading world companies. There are three
types of cab for them: compact, low-profile, and
full-profile with the reversible workstation option.
Belarus-1522 tractor, which has significant
is powered by 150 h. p. diesel engine. It is
equipped with 7-ton lift capacity hydraulic hitch, "Carraro"
(Italy) front driving axle, "Bosch" (Germany) hydraulic
system, ergonomic control panel in the cab.
new tractors have a lot of possibilities for attaching
by different manufacturers (currently more than
are available). Reversable workstation option is
available on all tractors of 800, 900,1000 series.
Due to the wide versatility of the Belarus
tractors, they can be effectively used the year round in
various climatic conditions.
tractors are capable to carry out all types of farm work
and transport operations. They are reliable, easy-to-use
and maintain, bold and cost-effective in operation.
Versatility, speed options, efficient fuel
consumption, hydraulic hitch specifications, cab
comfort, accessories and equipment options of the
Belarus tractors can satisfy a wide range of customers.
All the Belarus tractors have passed
international certification that proves their compliance
with EU standards.