Geographical Location of Great Britain
The full and official name of the country is the United
Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.
The United Kingdom is situated on the British Isles. The
British Isles consist of two large islands, Great
Britain and Ireland and a great number of small islands.
Their total area is over 244,000 square kilometres.
The British Isles are separated from the European
continent by the North Sea and the English Channel. The
western coast of Great Britain is washed by the Atlantic
Ocean and the Irish Sea.
Northern Ireland occupies one third of the island of
Ireland. It borders on the Irish Republic in the south.
The island of Great Britain consists of three main
parts: England (the southern and middle part of the
island), Wales (a mountainous peninsula in the West) and
Scotland (the northern part of the island).
Most of the rivers flow into the North Sea. The Thames
is the deepest and the longest of the British rivers.
Some of the British greatest ports are situated in the
estuaries of the Thames, Mersey, Tyne, Clyde and Bristol
Great Britain is not very rich in mineral resources; it
has some deposits of coal and iron ore and vast deposits
of oil and gas that were discovered in the North Sea.
Great Britain has few mineral resources. Coal and oil
are the most important of them. Much of the country is
under cultivation and about 20% of the land is covered
by National Parks and others countryside conservation
areas. Great Britain is one of the leading countries in
the world. It has highly developed motorcar,
shipbuilding, textile, and
chemical and electronics industries which are
centered in such cities as London, Glasgow, Manchester,
Liverpool and Newcastle.
Great Britain is
also famous for its woolens industry. English wool is
exported to many countries.