THE POLITICAL SYSTEM OF UKRAINE
The Constitution outlines the structure of the national
government and specifies its powers and duties. Under
the Constitution the powers of the government are
divided into three branches - the legislative which
consists of the Verhovna Rada, the executive, headed by
the President, and the judicial, which is led by the
The parliament - the Verhovna Rada is the only body of
the legislative power in Ukraine. There are 450 peoples
deputies who are elected for a term of four years on the
basis of universal, equal suffrage by the secret ballot.
The Verhovna Rada`s main function is making laws. Law
drafting work is performed by its Committees.
The Verhovna Rada adopts the State Budget for the period
from January 1 to December 31 and controls the execution
of it. The monetary unit of Ukraine is the Hrivnia.
The President of Ukraine is the head of the state and
speaks on behalf of it. He is elected directly by the
voters for a term of five years with no more then two
The highest body of the executive power is the Cabinet
of Ministers. It is responsible to the President and is
accountable to the Verhovna Rada. It carries out
domestic and foreign policy of the State, the fulfilment
of the Constitution, as well as the acts of the
President, develops and fulfils national programs on the
economic, scientific and technological, social and
cultural development of Ukraine.
Justice in Ukraine is exercised entirely by courts. It
is administered by the Constitution Court and by courts
of general jurisdiction. The Supreme Court of Ukraine is
the highest juridical body of general jurisdiction.