Donetsk is one of the biggest regional centers of
Ukraine. Its area is 381 square kilometers. The
population of Donetsk is more than one million but at
the end of the 19th century less than 30
thousand people lived and worked in a small settlement
called Yusovka. The city was founded in 1869 in the
place of kazak’s settlements. The beginning to the city
was given by coal mines and metallurgical plant of
And now Donetsk is one of the largest industrial centers
of Ukraine with such highly developed branches of
industry as coal, metallurgy and machine building. Coal
industry is the leading branch of industry in the city.
There are 150 industrial enterprises and unions in
Donetsk. One sixth of all the production of the Donetsk
region is produced in the city.
Donetsk is the city of parks and gardens; it is also
famous for its roses, which bloom from early summer till
late autumn gladdening the eye of dwellers and guests of
the city. It consists of 9 districts, linked with each
other by tram, trolley and bus communications. Also it
has developed air- and railway communications.
Nowadays the city is an important scientific and
cultural center of Donetsk coal basin. There are 3
theatres, the Concert Hall, the circus, cinemas, Palaces
of Culture and clubs, museums, a Picture Gallery and
Planetarium. Besides, there are architectural monuments
of local importance, of sculpture and history, and
memorial places. Thanks to its remarkable architecture
we have many places of interest in the city: Artyoma
street, Lenin Square, the Recreation parks etc.
The inhabitants of Donetsk have places for rest after
hard day. At their service there are Central Park of
Culture and Rest, and branches of it – Lenin’s Komsomol
Park and Sherbakov Park. In the outskirts of city there
are Donetsk Botanical Gardens
Though Donetsk looks gloomy and gray in winter, as does
every large industrial center, a lot of greenery,
beautiful buildings, the Kalmius and numerous lakes make
the city wonderful in spring and in summer.