THE EDUCATIONAL SYSTEM OF GREAT BRITAIN.
educational system of G.B. is extreamely complex and
bewilder- ing.It is very difficult to generalise about
particular types of schools as schools differ from one
to the other. The departament of education and science
is responsible for national educational policy,but it
doesnOt employe teacher or prescribe corricular or text
books. Each school has itOs own board of governers
consisting of teachers, parents, local politicians,
members of local community, businessmen and sometimes
pupils. According to the law only one subject is
compulsary. Such as religious instruction. Schooling for
children is compulsary from 5 to 16, though some
provision is made for children under 5 and some pupils
remain at school after 16 to prepare for higher
education. The state school system is usually devided
into 2 stages (secondary and primary). The majority of
primary schools are mixed.They are subdevided into
infant schools(ages 5 to 7),and junior schools(ages 7
to11). In junior schools pupils were often placed in
A,B,C or D-streams, according to their abilities. Under
the pressue of progressive parents and teachers the 11+
examination has now been abolished in most parts of the
country. There are some types of schools in G.B.Grammar
schools provided an academical cause for selected pupils
from the age of 11 to 18. Only those children who have
the best results are admitted to these schools. They
give pupils a high level of academic education wich can
lead to the university. Technical Schools offer a
general education with a techni- cal bias and serve
those pupils who are more mecanically minded. The
corricular includes more science and mathematics.
Secondary modern schools were formed to provide a
non-academic education for children of lesser
attainment. The corricular includes more practical
subjects. The comprehensive schools brings about a
general improvement in the system of secondary
British education emas us to develop fully the
benefit and of society as a whole.
Compulsory schooling takes place
16, but some pupils remain at shool for 2 years more,
for further higher education.
Post shool education is
wide range of opportunities for academic
and vacational education and to
and science is responsible for national
but it doesn't run
employ teachers, or prescribe corricular or textbooks.
are given a considerable amount of freedom.
According to the law
only one subject is compulsary. That is religious
Children recieve preschool education under the
age of 5
nursery schools or in infant's classes in primary
Most pupils receive free education finenst from
and the small proportions attend schools wholy
independent schools are single-sex,
schools is growing.
primary and secondary education.
5 - 7), and
(ages 7 -
schools are informal and
children are encouraged to read,
write and make use
and develop the creative abilities. Primary children do
work with the same class teacher exept for PT and music.
is beist upon the pupils interests as far as possible.
The junior stage extence over four years.
pirits of arithmetic,
nature study and others.
At this stage of schooling pupils
often placed in A, B, C and D streams
according their abilities.
The most able children were put in the A stream, the
list able in
reccantly most junior shool children had to
seat for the eleven-plus examination.
It usually consisted of an
arithmetic paper and an entelligent test.
According to the results of the exam children
Grammar, Technical or Secondary modern schools.
So called comprehansive schools began to appear
War 2. They
are muchly mixed schools which can provide education
for over 1000 pupils.
Ideally they provide all the courses given
in Grammar, Technical and Secondary modern schools.
By the law all children
ages of 5
Formally each child can remain a
school for a further 2 or 3 years and continue his
studies in the
age of 18 or
course is usually
subdevided into the lower 6 and the upper 6.
narrowed to 5 subjects of which a pupil can choose 2 or
of education (the GCE) exam and certificate
of secondary education (the CSE) exam.
The GSE exam is
Candidats set for 0 level papers at 15 - 16 years
level is usually taken at the end on
after 5 years of secondary education by the
pupils who are of everage abilities of their age.